What’s the Best Method to Cook a Traditional Chinese Peking Duck with Crispy Skin?

April 22, 2024

The resounding crunch that follows the first bite into a well-made Peking duck is a moment of pure culinary delight. It’s a signature dish within Chinese cuisine, notable for its crispy skin and juicy, succulent meat. The keys to its success lie in the meticulous preparation and cooking process. Let’s delve into the best practices to cook a traditional Chinese Peking duck with crispy skin at home.

1. Choosing, Cleaning, and Preparing the Duck

Any cooking endeavor begins with the selection of the right ingredients. For Peking duck, this starts with choosing a young, whole duck. When it comes to preparing the duck, a specific process is followed to achieve that coveted crispy skin.

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  • Choosing the duck: Look for a duck that weighs between 4 to 5 pounds. Young ducks are more tender and yield better results.

  • Cleaning the duck: Rinbash the duck, ensuring it is thoroughly cleaned and the innards are removed. Dry the duck completely, inside and out.

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  • Preparing the duck: To achieve the crispy skin, it is essential to separate the skin from the meat. This can be done by pumping air between the skin and meat, or by using a cloth to carefully separate them. This process allows the fat to render out during cooking, making the skin crispy.

Now, let’s move on to the seasonings and flavorings.

2. Seasoning and Infusing Flavour

With the duck prepared, it’s time to focus on the flavors. The traditional Peking duck recipe involves a rich blend of Chinese spices and a sweet and savory sauce. The duck is marinated for hours to ensure the flavors penetrate the meat.

  • Seasoning the duck: Rub the duck with a mixture of salt and five-spice powder. The spices should permeate the meat, lending it a deep, aromatic flavor.

  • The Sauce: Prepare a glaze using honey, soy sauce, and Shaoxing wine. This glaze is applied all over the duck and also inside the cavity.

  • Marinating the duck: Once the duck is coated in the sauce, place it in the refrigerator. Let the duck marinate for at least 24 hours to absorb all the flavors.

3. Roasting the Duck

The next step is to roast the duck. This requires a careful balance of temperature and time. Roasting at a high temperature initially helps render the duck fat, ensuring a crispy skin. The temperature is then reduced to cook the meat evenly without burning the skin.

The duck is placed breast side up on a rack in a roasting pan. It is roasted in a preheated oven at a high temperature for 30 minutes, then the temperature is reduced and the duck is cooked for an additional hour, or until the skin is dark and crispy.

During the roasting process, it’s important to occasionally baste the duck with the remaining marinade to keep it moist and flavorful.

4. Carving and Serving the Duck

The final part of preparing the perfect Peking duck is carving and serving. In keeping with tradition, the duck is usually served with Mandarin pancakes, scallions, and a sweet bean sauce.

  • Resting the meat: After removing the duck from the oven, let it rest for at least 20 minutes. This allows the juices to redistribute throughout the meat, keeping it moist and succulent.

  • Carving the duck: The duck is typically carved in front of the guests. The skin is served first, followed by the meat.

  • Serving the duck: Serve the crispy duck skin and meat with warm pancakes, thinly sliced scallions, and sweet bean sauce. Each diner can assemble their own pancake with their preferred combination of ingredients.

5. Tips and Tricks for the Best Peking Duck

To nail the perfect Peking duck, there are a few extra tips and tricks to bear in mind.

  • Blanching: Before marinating, blanch the duck in boiling water for a few minutes. This tightens the skin and aids in achieving the ultimate crispy finish.

  • Drying the duck: After blanching and marinating, it’s vital to dry the duck thoroughly. This can be done by hanging the duck in a cool, dry place for several hours. This step is crucial for attaining a crispy skin.

  • Basting: Keep basting the duck with the marinade throughout the cooking process. This keeps the meat moist and the skin flavorful.

  • Using a meat thermometer: To ensure the duck is cooked perfectly, use a meat thermometer. The internal temperature should be 165 degrees Fahrenheit.

There you have it, a comprehensive guide to cooking a traditional Chinese Peking duck with crispy skin. It’s a process that takes time and care, but the end result is undoubtedly worth it.

6. Crafting the Perfect Accompaniments

Every great Peking duck is traditionally accompanied by a series of complementary items such as Mandarin pancakes, scallions, and sauces.

  • Mandarin Pancakes: These thin, soft pancakes are the perfect wrap for your crispy duck. They can be store-bought or homemade. To make at home, mix flour, boiling water and a pinch of salt to form a dough, roll out thin and cook on a hot pan until lightly browned. Keep them warm until serving.

  • Scallions and Cucumber: Fresh, thinly sliced scallions and cucumber add a crunchy texture and a refreshing counterpoint to the rich, savory duck.

  • Sweet Bean Sauce and Plum Sauce: The traditional sauce for Peking duck is sweet bean sauce, also known as hoisin sauce. This thick, fragrant sauce adds a sweet and salty depth to the dish. Alternatively, some prefer a tangy plum sauce. Both are easily found in Asian grocery stores.

Remember, these accompaniments are not just side dishes. They play a major role in the final taste of the Peking duck meal, so don’t scrimp on quality.

7. Storing and Reheating Leftovers

Unlike many dishes, Peking duck can be just as delicious the next day, if stored and reheated properly.

  • Storing leftovers: Place any leftover duck in an airtight container and refrigerate. It should be consumed within two to three days for the best taste and safety.

  • Reheating the duck: To keep the skin crispy, reheat the duck in the oven at a low temperature. Avoid using the microwave as it may make the skin soggy.

Remember, when you make Peking duck, you’re not just making a meal, you’re creating an experience. So, even if you’re eating leftovers, recreate the whole experience with pancakes, scallions, and sauce.


Cooking a traditional Chinese Peking duck with crispy skin at home might seem like a daunting task, but with careful preparation and patience, you can recreate this iconic dish in your own kitchen. The journey from selecting the perfect duck, marinating it with Chinese spices, roasting to perfection, carving and serving with the traditional accompaniments, all contribute to a meal that’s worth the effort. And remember, the joy of Chinese cooking is not only in the eating but also in the process of creating. So, roll up your sleeves, save this recipe, and prepare to impress with your homemade Peking duck. Get ready to savor the resounding crunch of the crispy skin, the juicy duck meat, and the harmonious blend of flavors in every bite.